Living Liver Transplant Donor Risks
Living Donor Liver Transplant offers an attractive alternative to deceased-donor organ transplantation. You may have a shorter waiting period and equal or improved life expectancy with a living-donor transplant. Living Donor Liver Transplant is possible from a living donor who is a close relative of the recipient who can donate part of his/her liver. The donor operation is entirely safe and the donated part of liver quickly regenerates in both the donor and the recipient within a few weeks. In the first few days after operation even when regeneration is not complete, the half liver is enough to maintain normal donor functions due to the immense reserve in the liver.
Living donation does not change life expectancy, and after recovery from the surgery, most of donors goes on to live healthy, active and happy lives.
For kidney donors, the normal healing time after the surgery is short, and donors can normally resume their common home and working lives within two to six weeks. Liver donors usually need at least of two months to resume their normal home and working lives.
Although transplantation is highly successful, complications for the donor and receiver can arise. Make sure to check out general myths and concerns about living donation. Be sure to have a discussion with your doctor about what to expect.
Effects on the Body :
For living kidney donors, the remaining kidney will expand slightly to do the daily work that two healthy kidneys share. The liver has the ability to redevelop and recover full function. Lungs and pancreas do not regenerate, but donors generally do not experience problems with reduced function.
Living Liver Transplant Donor Risks
As with any other surgery, there are both short term and long term risks involved in living donation. Surgical complications can include infection, pain, blood loss, blood clots, and allergic reactions to anesthesia, pneumonia, and injury to surrounding tissue or other organs, and even death. As transplant surgeries are becoming more regular and surgical techniques are advancing, risks involved with living donation maintain to decrease.
There has been no national organized long-term data collection on the risks related with living organ donation. However, there are studies that are currently gathering such useful information. Based upon incomplete information that is currently available, overall risks are considered to be low. Risks can be different as per donors and the type of organ.
For kidney donors, there is only a 1% lifetime increase in the donor’s own risk of kidney failure. To place this into perspective, the general population has a 3% risk for kidney failure. Some possible long-term risks of donating a kidney may contain high blood pressure (hypertension), hernia, large amount of protein in the urine, organ impairment or failure that leads to the need for dialysis or transplantation.
Who can donate:
- The person must be a close relative.
- The person must donate of his/her own free will.
- The person should be between 18-55 years.
- The donor and recipient blood group must be compatible.
- Part of the donor liver must be enough in volume for the recipient.
- The suitability of the donor in the above respects and other detailed medical evaluations is determined by the multi-disciplinary team .
- Donor should not have major co-morbidities
- Donor should not be Pregnant.
Facts about liver donation surgery
- Modern liver cutting techniques using CUSA have made it safe and blood less
- Normal liver has immense reserve – nearly 70% of liver can be safely removed although much less is removed
- Normal liver grows back very quickly – it can be restored to normal size after removal of half the liver in just two weeks