What is cadaveric donation?
Cadaveric donation consists of organ donation and tissue donation from brain dead people as well as heart dead people. Organ donation includes donating heart, lungs, kidneys, liver, pancreas from brain dead people and tissue donation includes donating tissues of skin, corneas, tendons, bone from brain dead as well as heart dead people. General FAQ related to cadaveric donation.
Organs can be pledged online with National Organ & Tissue Transplant Organisation (NOTTO), which comes under the Government’s Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. You can also register at www.giftlife.co.in
No donation cost is borne by the donor or the donor’s family.
No, both sexes and people of varied ages can donate organs. The youngest donor in India has been a one-and-a-half year old baby, and the oldest an 83-year-old woman.
Organs: Heart, Liver, Lungs, Pancreas, Kidneys, Intestine
Tissues: Cornea, Skin, Heart Valves, Bones, Tendons, Blood Vessels, Ear Drums
No one can donate kidney, parts of liver, and parts of pancreas when alive if there’s a match. This match is determined by myriad of medical examinations.
According to the Transplantation of Human Organs (THO) Act 1994, the person’s death has to be certified by a board of four medical experts twice in a time frame of six hours before the person’s organs can be surgically removed:
– A Registered Medical Practitioner (RMP) who is in charge of the hospital
– An independent RMP nominated by the panel of names approved by the Appropriate Authority
– A neurosurgeon/neurologist. In absence of a neurosurgeon/neurologist, any surgeon physician, anesthetist or intensivist from the panel of names approved by the Appropriate Authority
– The RMP who was treating the deceased
Only tissues such as cornea, heart valves, skin, and bones can be donated. If a person dies naturally, the heart stops beating because of which the oxygen supply to the organs gets cut-off leaving them unfit for donation.
Yes, at a medical college.
The act of pledging only says that ‘I wish to donate my organs’, there is no legal binding to the pledge.
Since organ donation isn’t legally binding, there’s not much paperwork involved.
Yes just inform the agency you registered with.
Yes, it is pertinent that family members know and agree with the individual’s decision to donate. The individual’s decision can be reversed by the family when the time comes.
Since the final decision rests with the family, they must be informed about the decision to donate organs.
The donation/transplantation doesn’t take place.
Absolutely not! All efforts would be made to save your life. Organ donation can occur only in case of brain death – the irreversible end of all brain activity.
Yes! Medical experts first check whether the donor’s organs are fit to be transplanted. Medical condition at the time of death determines what can or cannot be donated.
No, health of the organs at the time of donation is what determines whether a candidate fit or unfit for donation.
Unless you have blood related diseases, there is nothing that can disqualify anyone from donating organs. Whether or not one can donate is determined after a thorough medical screening when one is in a position to do so.
One infected with HIV, or Cancer, or any other blood-related infection need evaluate for donate organation.
Hospitals, doctors, and transplant coordinators work in tandem to ensure the donor’s good health. There is a protocol that is followed that ensures that donors are well taken care of. Therefore you should visit doctor for cadaveric transplant. Dr. Bipin Vibhute is well known doctor for cadaveric transplant in Pune, India.
The decision of whether or not one’s organs can be donated lie with the next of kin. If they agree, organs can be donated.
One can donate outside the family with the permission of the Authorization Committee.
The identity of the donor remains confidential.