Diet and nutrition
1-2 weeks after surgery
When you resume diet after the operation, you should first start with a small amount of water followed by liquid food, pureed diet, and then regular meals. In the first 1-2 weeks after the operation, you will be on a somewhat restricted diet. The hospital will serve you with very clean meals. You should prepare your own disposable utensils such as spoons, knives and forks, and chopsticks, etc.
Water provided is not boiled tap water. We will give you very clean drinking water.
During this period, please avoid eating fast food or food prepared by your family. We will withdraw the very clean meals after 1 or 2 weeks depending on your condition.
Choice of food after transplantation
From postoperative week 2 to the first 3 months following discharge, your diet can be less restricted, but you should remember the following points:
- i) Buy fresh fruits and frozen nutritious meat.
ii) Food must be washed and well cooked. Make sure it is clean. Fruits must be peeled and washed.
iii) Stick to light foods. Avoid fried or greasy foods. Wean away from highly seasoned foods.
iv) Wash utensils before use and drink boiled water.
v) Do not take food that has been left over night.
Restriction on post-transplant diet depends on the function of the new liver. You should choose a balanced diet.
You need a sufficient amount of high-quality proteins to help the body rebuild muscles and combat muscular atrophy from steroid. Foods of high-quality proteins include meat, eggs and dairy products, etc.
You should also have a high-calorie, low-fat and low-cholesterol diet to avoid fat accumulation. Avoid fried, deep fried or greasy foods. Wean away from highly seasoned foods and high-fat meat, etc. You can choose to eat more vegetables and fruits to increase fiber intake and keep your bowels open.
The two targets of a balanced diet are:
To control high blood sugar and control weight.
Control of high blood sugar
Pangraf and steriod can increase blood sugar and induce diabetes mellitus. To avoid these problems, you should control sugar intake carefully. Avoid very sweet foods. We will schedule for you an appointment with the dietitian, who will help in developing an eating plan that provides a balanced diet to meet your needs. If the diet cannot control your high blood sugar level, you might need to take oral medication or insulin injection.
Control of body weight
It is important to maintain a normal weight. Abrupt increase in weight will result in increase in blood pressure and other complications. Besides paying attention to the diet modification, adequate exercise can effectively burn calories and slow down weight gain.
Control of diet
Foods bought from the market such as fresh vegetables, fish, meat, seafood, eggs, etc. should be thoroughly washed and well cooked before eating.
You should choose fresh fruits and have them washed and peeled. Canned fruits are also allowed. Milk and dairy products allowed include tetra pack milk drinks, individually wrapped processed cheese, small canned evaporated milk, condensed milk and milk powder, etc.
As for snacks, individually wrapped crackers, cakes and bread, or small packed or canned sweets and crisps are allowed. Freshly cooked soup, canned and tetra pack fizzy drinks, and foil packed instant drinks are also allowed.
Foods to avoid
- Expired, partly-cooked and rotten meat or eggs
2. Cold meat or sashimi, etc.
3. Uncooked vegetables and salad
4. Overripe or bruised fruits
5. Fruits difficult to wash and peel, for example, grapes, strawberries, cherries and kiwifruits, etc.
6. Highly seasoned foods
7. Milk drinks containing live lactobacilli; yogurt ice-cream, etc.
8. Loosely packaged or improper storaged crackers, cakes, bread, sweets,dry fruits and nuts, etc.
9. Unboiled tap water and unfrozen overnight soup
Wear mask while visiting the hospital
Lead a normal life at home.